- Child Beneficiaries
- Fully Insured
- Marital Status
- Middle Class
- Taxable Maximum
Child Beneficiaries a & Poverty
Released: March 2015
- At the end of 2013, 3.2 million children received Social Security benefits, about 6 percent of all beneficiaries. b
- Without Social Security benefits, more than twice as many child beneficiaries (approximately 750,000 children) would be living below the poverty level.
- Social Security is a major source of income for children whose insured parents die, become disabled, or retire.
|Category||Poverty rate (percent)|
|With Social Security benefits||14.0|
|Without Social Security benefits|
|Excluding child benefits||25.5|
|Excluding adult benefits||26.7|
|Excluding adult and child benefits||38.2|
|Beneficiary type||Income from child benefits||Income from all benefits (adult and child)|
|All child beneficiaries||22.0||38.3|
|Children of deceased workers||30.1||37.8|
|Children of disabled workers||17.0||37.1|
|Children of retired workers||20.2||44.1|
SOURCE: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations of 2009 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) data matched to SSA administrative data (most recent data available).
NOTE: Methodology adopted from Tamborini, Christopher R., and Emily Cupito. 2012. “Social Insurance and Children: The Relationship Between Social Security, Economic Well-Being, and Family Context among Child Recipients.” Journal of Children and Poverty, 18(1): 1–22.
a. Minor children of insured workers, excludes disabled adult children and students.